Types of Companies in Hong Kong: Requirements and Considerations

Types of Companies in Hong Kong: Requirements and Considerations

When embarking on the journey of incorporating a company in Hong Kong, it's crucial to understand the various types of companies available and their corresponding requirements. Each company type serves different purposes and comes with its own set of obligations. Let's explore the most common types and what you need to know about each one of them:

Limited Company

The most prevalent choice for entrepreneurs, a limited company is separated into two categories:

1. Company Limited by Share

  • Share Capital Requirement: No minimum share capital is mandated. The share capital can be as low as HKD 1.
  • Directors and Shareholders: Minimum of one director and one shareholder are required, who can be the same individual.
  • Liability: Shareholders' liability is limited to the amount of share capital they hold.
  • Easy of raising capital, pay dividends, and change of ownership
  • Tax benefits: When the Profit Tax is set at 16.5%, limited companies can enjoy the Two-Tired Profit Tax with tax at 8.25% for the first 2mln of profit and 16.5% over that amount.
  • Obligations: Annual filing of financial statements, annual general meetings, and maintenance of statutory records are obligatory.


2. Company Limited by Guarantee

  • Guarantee Amount: Instead of share capital, members commit to a predetermined guarantee amount to be contributed in case the company is wound up.
  • Directors and Members: Minimum of one director and one member (equivalent to shareholder) are required.
  • Liability: Members' liability is limited to the guarantee amount.
  • Obligations: Similar to other limited companies, annual filing and maintenance of statutory records are required.
  • Perfect for Non-Profit Organization
  • Profit cannot be distributed

Sole Proprietorship


  • Ownership: The business is owned and operated by a single individual.
  • Liability: The owner assumes full liability for the business's obligations.
  • Capital Requirement: No specific capital requirement, but personal funds are typically used.
  • Obligations: Less formalities compared to limited companies. However, the sole proprietor is responsible for all business aspects.


A partnership can be divided in 2 categories:

1. General Partnership

A general partnership is a business structure where two or more individuals or entities join forces to carry out a business venture. In a general partnership, all partners share equal responsibility for the management of the business and its debts. Each partner's personal assets are at risk, as they are jointly and severally liable for the partnership's obligations. This means that if the partnership faces financial difficulties, creditors can seek repayment from any partner's personal assets. While general partnerships are relatively simple to establish, it's important to carefully choose your partners and draft a comprehensive partnership agreement that outlines each partner's rights, responsibilities, and profit-sharing arrangements.

General partnerships are commonly used for small businesses and professional practices where partners have a high level of trust and collaboration. However, due to the unlimited liability of partners, it's crucial to assess the risks involved and ensure that you have a solid partnership agreement in place.

2. Limited Partnership

A limited partnership is a business structure that combines the features of both general partnerships and limited liability companies. It consists of two types of partners: general partners and limited partners. General partners manage the business and are personally liable for the company's debts and obligations. Limited partners, on the other hand, contribute capital to the business but have limited liability, meaning their personal assets are not at risk beyond their investment. Limited partnerships offer a flexible structure, making them suitable for ventures where some partners want to be actively involved while others prefer a more passive role. This type of entity is commonly used for investment funds, real estate development, and other specialized business activities.

Considerations for Company Selection

  • Nature of Business: The type of company should align with the nature and goals of your business. Limited companies are suitable for larger operations, while sole proprietorships may be ideal for smaller enterprises.
  • Liability: If you seek limited liability protection, a limited company is advisable. Sole proprietorships carry personal liability.
  • Flexibility and Control: Limited companies offer flexibility in terms of attracting investors and sharing ownership, while sole proprietorships provide complete control.
  • Complexity: Limited companies involve more administrative work and formalities compared to sole proprietorships.


Remember that each company type comes with its own legal and compliance obligations. Regardless of your choice, engaging with professional advice is recommended to ensure accurate adherence to regulations and best practices.

If you find yourself in need of assistance or guidance on the process of incorporating a company in Hong Kong, please don't hesitate to reach out to us. Our team of experts is ready to tailor the best solution to meet your specific needs. Your business expansion journey begins with a simple click or call – we're here to help.

Back to blog