Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore

Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore

The Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore is a comprehensive social security system designed to ensure financial security for residents in their retirement years. It is a mandatory savings scheme that involves both employers and employees making regular contributions to the CPF accounts.
This initiative aims to provide Singaporeans with a robust framework for retirement planning, home ownership, and healthcare financing.

Here's a closer look at the key aspects of CPF in Singapore.

CPF Contribution Calculation

Both employers and employees contribute to the CPF, with the contribution rates determined by the employee's age and total wages. The following table summarises the current contribution rates for Singaporeans and SPRs (from third year and onwards) across the different age groups.

Employee's age (years)

Contribution rates from 1 January 2024

(monthly wages > $750)

By employer

(% of wage)

By employee

(% of wage)


(% of wage)

55 and below




Above 55 to 60




Above 60 to 65




Above 65 to 70




Above 70





CPF Enrolment and Eligibility

All Singaporean and Permanent Resident employees, as well as eligible foreign employees, are required to contribute to the CPF. The CPF enrolment is automatic upon the commencement of employment. However, certain groups, such as public officers, domestic workers, and self-employed individuals, may have specific contribution rules.

Options for Receiving Retirement Pay-outs

CPF members have the flexibility to choose from several retirement pay-out options, which can affect the amount and duration of the pay-outs. Options include the Basic Retirement Sum Scheme, Full Retirement Sum Scheme, and Enhanced Retirement Sum Scheme.

CPF Investment Options

The Central Provident Fund Investment Scheme (CPFIS) empowers CPF members to grow their CPF savings by investing in a range of approved financial instruments.

CPFIS offers two sub-schemes for the OA and SA accounts, each with distinct investment guidelines:

  • CPFIS-OA: This scheme allows CPF members to invest in a range of approved instruments with the primary goal of growing their OA savings. The returns from these investments are credited back into the OA.
  • CPFIS-SA: The CPFIS-SA is designed to focus on long-term retirement savings. CPF members can invest their SA savings in approved financial products to achieve higher returns, which contribute to their retirement fund.

Account holders can choose from a range of investment instruments, including unit trusts, stocks, bonds, and insurance products, depending on their risk appetite and financial goals.

CPF Withdrawal Options

CPF members can make withdrawals under various circumstances, such as reaching the retirement age, purchasing a home, or covering healthcare expenses. Key withdrawal options include:

  • CPF Retirement Sum Scheme (RSS): Provides a monthly pay-out from the CPF savings after retirement.
  • CPF LIFE: A life annuity scheme that provides a steady stream of income for life.
  • Home Protection Scheme (HPS): Covers the outstanding housing loan in the event of death or permanent incapacity.

CPF Nomination

CPF members are encouraged to make a CPF nomination to specify how their CPF savings should be distributed in the event of their demise. This ensures a smoother transfer of funds to their loved ones.


Understanding the nuances of the Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore is vital for effective financial planning. From contribution calculations and investment options to withdrawal mechanisms, each aspect plays a crucial role in securing the financial well-being of Singapore residents.

Stay informed about the latest updates and nuances of CPF regulations by reaching out to our experts. Contact us today to make well-informed decisions and navigate the complexities of CPF with confidence.

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