Payroll Calculation in Singapore

Payroll Calculation in Singapore

Embarking on payroll management for your Singapore-based company, whether it's an established enterprise or a budding start-up, might initially seem intricate. However, understanding the fundamentals of payroll in Singapore unveils a systematic process that, with the right guidance, can be seamlessly integrated into your business operations.

Let's delve into the intricacies of payroll calculation, ensuring compliance with regulations and prioritizing your employees' financial well-being.

Key Components of Payroll Calculation in Singapore

At its core, payroll involves the calculation and management of employee compensation, covering salaries, wages, bonuses, and deductions. The essential components include:

  • Basic Salary/Wages: The core amount paid to employees for their services, typically calculated based on a monthly or hourly rate.
  • Overtime Pay: Compensation for hours worked beyond regular working hours, often at an increased rate.
  • Bonuses: Additional remuneration provided to employees for achieving specific targets or during festive periods.
  • Deductions: Amounts subtracted from employees' earnings, encompassing taxes, Central Provident Fund (CPF) contributions, and other authorized deductions.

Central Provident Fund (CPF) in Singapore

Similar to Hong Kong's MPF, Singapore mandates contributions to the Central Provident Fund (CPF). Both employers and employees are obligated to make contributions, facilitating retirement savings and other social security benefits. The CPF covers areas such as:

  • Ordinary Wages (OW): Monthly wages excluding bonuses, overtime pay, and other variable components.
  • Special, Additional, and Bonus Wages: Components subject to CPF contributions, including bonuses and allowances.
  • Contribution Rates: Both employers and employees contribute varying percentages based on the employee's age and total wages.
The following table summarises the current contribution rates for Singaporeans and SPRs (from third year and onwards) across the different age groups.



Employee's age (years)

Contribution rates from 1 January 2024

(monthly wages > $750)

By employer

(% of wage)

By employee

(% of wage)


(% of wage)

55 and below




Above 55 to 60




Above 60 to 65




Above 65 to 70




Above 70





Penalties for Non-compliance with Payroll Regulations

Ensuring timely and accurate payroll processing is imperative in Singapore. Failure to comply with payroll regulations can result in penalties and legal consequences. Some potential repercussions include:

  • Late Salary Payments: Failure to pay salaries on time may lead to penalties, legal action, and damage to employee morale.
  • CPF Non-compliance: Non-compliance with CPF regulations may result in financial penalties and legal consequences.


Navigating payroll in Singapore is a fundamental aspect of responsible business management. The guide provided here offers a foundational understanding, but as your business evolves, payroll complexities may increase.

Stay informed about evolving tax laws and employment regulations by reaching out to our experts. Contact us today to ensure your payroll processes align with legal requirements, promoting smooth business operations and employee satisfaction.

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